地下鉄よりバスかトラムウエイなパリ

パリの地下鉄は車椅子対応が303駅あるうちの9駅だけ!。。という衝撃的なタイトルが..英国のガーディアン紙で発表されました。

Just nine out of 303 metro stations in Paris are fully accessible.

Just nine out of 303 metro stations in Paris are fully accessible.

The metro can be the quickest way to get around many big cities. Unless you’re in a wheelchair.

 

世界各国の地下鉄の車椅子対応駅数調査結果  (完備駅数/全体数)

パリ 9/303が完備 (スタッフ対応をあわせると15駅)

ロンドン  50/270が完備 (スタッフ対応をあわせると71駅)

バルセロナ 129/156が完備

ニューヨーク 117/472駅が完備

東京            186/221駅が完備

ロスアンジェルス 93/93駅が完備

ワシントンDC 91/91駅が完備

 

ロンドンの地下鉄はあの夏目漱石でさえ乗ったというのですから1863年開業とはいえそれでも50駅が完備。一方パリも1900年開業。多くの駅は1930年以前に作られたものが多く、当時のままの造りがやはり大部分。パリの地下鉄はRERを除き完全にアクセスフリーなのは9駅のみ。あともうすこし頑張れば。。というのは6駅あり、そちらではスタッフを呼びだすかスロープをつければというところも合わせても大パリで15駅。完備の9駅は1990年代に開通した自動運転の14番線のみ。あのシャトレ(街の真ん中)や国立図書館などを結ぶ紫色の線です。

なかなか悲惨な結果なのですが、その分パリではトラムウエイとバスが100%の車椅子アクセスビリティでがんばっています。これはRATPも多大な投資をしています。ただ、トラムウエイもバスも地上の交通渋滞や交通規制があるとなかなか時間の読めないし、バス停の場所も慣れてないと分かりにくいので大変です。あと運転手さんから一回分の券を買うことはできますが回数券は買えないし。

パリのトラムウエイはすいすいと車椅子も入りやすくこれはなかなか快適です。ただトラムウエイは街の中ではなく外側の環状線を走ってるので目的地によっては不便で到底観光客向けとはいえません。

一方東京は非常に優等生。そしてもっと優等生なのがロスアンジェルスとワシントンDC.アメリカグレートじゃないですか!(笑)銃規制はしなくちゃいけないけどこういうところは流石にちゃんとしているアメリカ大都市。

次は車椅子対応おトイレ各都市比較マップも作って欲しいです。

あと6年でパリもオリンピック。大丈夫でしょうか。(^^;)

以下はガーディアン紙よりの転載です。

Just nine out of 303 metro stations in Paris are fully accessible.

 Just nine out of 303 metro stations in Paris are fully accessible.

The metro can be the quickest way to get around many big cities. Unless you’re in a wheelchair.

Illustration: Harvey Symons/Guardian graphics

Although it has invested recently in improving accessibility, the London Underground – the world’s oldest metro, opened in 1863 – still only has 71 out 270 tube stations accessible by wheelchair or mobility scooter from street to platform. Given that 21 of those require ramps and staff assistance to board trains, the number of fully accessible stations – which people in wheelchairs can use independently – is just 50.

“Some of the network is more than 150 years old – accessibility wasn’t even considered worth thinking about then,” says Transport for London spokesman Ruben Govinden. “And in some cases there’s physically not the space, given the number of users, to make the station step-free from street to train.”

Paris is even worse. Just 15 out of 303 stations are listed by operator RATP as wheelchair-accessible. Once the use of ramps is excluded, that number falls to just nine, all of them on the automated Line 14, built in the 1990s.

The London tube (and DLR) networ

The regular London tube and Docklands Light Railway map

50 out of 270 London tube stations are fully accessible

The London tube and DLR map once non-accessible stations (including those requiring a ramp to board trains) have been removed. The DLR (not part of the tube) was Britain’s first fully accessible railway

Only 71 of 270 tube stations have fully step-free accessibility to the platforms, and there are just 50 where someone in a wheelchair can access trains unassisted, but TfL says it is on track to have more than a third accessible by 2018.

“We have made great strides over recent years but much more needs to be done,” says TfL.

Although not technically part of the tube, the DLR was the first fully accessible railway in Britain when it opened in 1987. All platforms are accessible by lift or ramp, and it is possible to roll on and off trains. The new Elizabeth Line will be 100% accessible when it starts next year, fully step-free and with street-to-train wheelchair access at all stations.

Alan Benson, chair of Transport for All and an electric wheelchair user himself, says many disabled and older Londoners are “locked out” from using the tube. “With avoidable lift closures due to staff shortages and repairs that often take up to six months, even those stations that are accessible become unusable,” he adds. “It stops us from getting to work or university, to see friends and family, or just to live our lives like everyone else.”

The maps above were based on TfL’s avoiding stairs guide, selecting stations marked as “lift access” or “level access/ramped”. Using the step-free guide we further removed stations which require the use of manual boarding ramps and staff assistance.

The Paris metro

The regular Paris Metro map

Nine out of 303 Paris metro stations are fully accessible

The Paris metro after non-fully accessible stations are removed. All that remains are the nine stops of Line 14

The Paris metro, famed for its Art Nouveau architecture and Hector Guimard entrances, opened in 1900 and many stations were built before 1930. Like London, accessibility was not considered important at the time.

Of 303 stations on the metro (not including the RER suburban rail system), just 15 have lifts to the platforms and are listed as wheelchair accessible. Six of those require ramps and staff assistance, taking the fully accessible total down to nine – all on Line 14, which was built in 1990s and has roll-on, roll-off trains.

The Barcelona metro

The regular Barcelona metro map

129 of 156 metro stations are fully accessible

The Barcelona metro map showing accessible stations only

The Barcelona metro started operation in 1924 – and has parts which date back to 1863 – but is widely considered one of the most accessible in Europe.

Operator TMB says 129 of 156 metro stations are fully accessible. As in London, hosting the Olympic Games was a major impetus to improving disabled access. All metro stations built since 1992 are fully accessible, and many older stations are being refurbished. There are tactile strips for the blind, relief metro maps and voice-guided ticket machines.

The New York subway

The regular New York subway map

117 out of 472 New York subway stations are fully accessible

The New York subway once non-accessible stations have been removed

The New York subway is another old metro system, dating to 1904, and one of the largest in the world.

Most of the subway was built long before 1990, when the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) came into effect, so those stations were not originally designed to be wheelchair accessible.

Operator the MTA says it has been making “key stations” accessible when they are renovated, and all new stations must have lifts. The MTA plans to increase the number of accessible stations from 117 to 144 by 2020.

Wheelchair user John Morris, who runs advice site Wheelchair Travel, says the complexity of disabled access on the New York subway makes the system effectively unusable for visitors.

“Even in the centre, in Manhattan, I advise people to avoid the subways at all costs,” he says. “A station may be accessible but the line you want might only be accessible from a platform which can only be reached by steps. The level of understanding one must have to navigate it is so high – and even someone who knows the system perfectly can be caught out by a broken elevator. It’s challenging.”

The Tokyo metro

The regular Tokyo metro map

186 out of 211 Tokyo metro stations are fully accessible

The Tokyo metro map once non-accessible stations have been removed

If you can decipher the metro map – and understand its list of wheelchair accessible stations – then Tokyo appears to perform relatively well.

Reports are generally favourable, with Srin Madipalli of Disability Horizonswriting that “virtually all of the Tokyo metro system has some kind of wheelchair accessibility”. Finding the lift in a vast station with multiple entrances can prove a challenge for visitors, though.

The Los Angeles metro

The regular Los Angeles metro map

93 out of 93 LA metro stations are fully accessible

Every LA Metro stations is accessible, according to operator LACMTA

The Los Angeles County Mass Transit Authroity (Metro) says all six of its lines are fully accessible to people in wheelchairs. The first Metro stations opened in 1990, when the ADA came into effect, and many new stations have been completed in the past few years.

“Since the ADA in 1990, US law requires accessibility in public transport,” says John Morris. “All new systems and lines must be accessible or local government must give very good reason why that can’t be done and provide an alternative.”

Every station has a walkway, ramp or elevator from the street to the platform. Users can keep track of elevator outages on Twitter.

“The challenge with LA of course is how spread out it is,” adds Morris.

The Washington DC metro

The regular Washington DC metro map

91 out of 91 Washington DC metro stations are fully accessible

All Washington DC metro stations are fully accessible

Despite being the third busiest subway system in the US after New York and Chicago, and with large sections built in the 1970s and 80s, DC’s metro is widely lauded as one of the most accessible in the world.

All 91 stations – including the brutalist masterpieces of Harry Weese – and all trains are accessible, according to operator WMATA (the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority).


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